Welcome to the American Whippet Club 

AWC Home Page


The Archives


Page 1

Page 2

Page 3

Page 4

Page 5

Page 6

Page 7

Page 8

 

1988 American Whippet Club Whippet Annual

Pages 1 through 26



(Ch. Plumcreek Walk On Water, ROMX x AmCanCh. Dunberry Arwen, ROM)

We are very proud of "Splash". She has been turning heads in West Coast competition on the way to her championship. Now she is taking a turn in the whelping box, with a litter of 10 (nine bitches) by Ch. Plumcreek Jumaco Austin (Ch. Lidemara's Moonshadow x CanCh. Plumcreek Black Murr, FCh.).

Breeder:
HIGH FLYER
Erma & Ralph Kovach, MD
Gates Mills, Ohio
Owner:
ELIZABETH SMITH
25510 Carmel Knolls Drive
Carmel, California 93923
(408) 625-0366
Co-breeder:
DUNBERRY
Wendy Clark
Columbus, Ohio

Perry is from Frances Hembree's well-known all-champion litter that also includes Ch. A-Few Club Soda, Ch. A-Few Krystle Springs, and the GROUP WINNING youngster, Ch. Elysian A-Few April Showers. His genetic heritage combines Plumcreek with the Elysian / Hound-Hill genes which are based on old Kirklea, Stoney Meadows and Pennyworth breeding.

Last year we presented him in these pages as an awkward, tube-shaped pup of great soundness and quality, winning the Sweepstakes at the American Whippet Club Southern Specialty at 7 months of age, under breeder-judge Judy Coward. Subsequently, infrequently shown, he finished at 17 months of age with three majors, including a 5 point win under Dr. John Shelton at the Kentucky American Whippet Club Supported Show. The week after acquiring his AKC Championship, he completed his ASFA Lure Coursing Field Championship at his fourth trial.

His first litter arrived mid-March 1988, out of his kennel-mate ELYSIAN OH, SUZANNAH, F.CH. (Suzannah, an Elysian Lion's Share daughter, was Reserve Winner's Bitch at the 1987 AWC Southern Specialty under Cliff Thompson. She returned this year, after her litter, to win WINNER'S BITCH for 5 points at the same event under Larry T. Shaw). Pups from this litter began successful competition at 5 1/2 months of age when the brindle bitch baby CHERCHE TOUCH ME was acclaimed the GRAND FUTURITY WINNER at the 1988 American Whippet Club National Futurity over an entry of 179, under breeder-judge Cora N. Miller. Her sister, CHERCHE' TAKE ME ON, won BEST IN SWEEPSTAKES at 7 1/2 months of age (repeating her sire's win of last year), under breeder-judge Iva Cottrell-Kimmelman at the 1988 AWC Southern Specialty. Her brother, ELYSIAN FORTUNE HUNTER, won his first major at 8 months, going Best of Opposite over 4 male Specials. Perry's second litter is out of the venerable Group-winner CH. ELYSIAN GLORYA REJOICE. These 6 pups, just 6 months of age at this writing, are all in "show homes" and we hope for successful careers for them as well.

Perry will be seen occasionally in the Specials ring and on the field as he runs for his LCM title. Hopefully, there will be another exciting litter or two in 1989.


THE WHIPPET NEWS

Statement of Editorial Policy

Established by the Editor with the concurrence of the Board of Directors of the American Whippet Club.

OBJECTIVES: To unite those people interested in the breeding, showing, racing, coursing and generally improving the breed of Whippets for the purpose of exerting effectually a combined influence upon all matters affecting the breed. To promote and maintain a high standard of conduct in the transaction of all business connected with the breeding of Whippets.

Material for the WHIPPET NEWSLETTER and ANNUAL is always welcome from all readers, whether AWC members or non-members, and all the material that is used is presented with a minimum of editing, so as to retain the individual style of the writer. Each issue is the result of material sent in by the readers and reflects the interest of the readers.

The articles or material submitted for publication should pertain to Whippets in general, be constructive and free from personal animosities and grievances; further, the material and not the contributor is the basis of acceptance, and the editor will decide the suitability of the material submitted. When submitting material, please typewrite or print plainly, especially proper names.

NOTICE: The opinions expressed in the WHIPPET NEWSLETTER and ANNUAL are those of the individual writers and advertisers and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the editor or the AMERICAN WHIPPET CLUB, or any group to which the individual writer may belong. Further, the editor of the WHIPPET NEWS cannot be responsible for statements made anywhere in the publication except on the editorial pages and in the editor's personal advertisements.

THE WHIPPET NEWS is the official publication of the American Whippet Club and is available to non-members of the American Whippet Club for a donation of $20.00 per year. This donation includes the WHIPPET NEWS ANNUAL and the monthly NEWSLETTER.

This year's Editorial Staff was enthusiastic, but disorganized.


He is loved and adored by:

KENTFIELD WHIPPETS
Merril and David Woolf
21714 Broadway
Sonoma, CA 95476
(707) 938-1850

* Pending Approval


OFFICERS

President ......................................... Dr Barbara Henderson

Vice-President ........................................... Mr Bo Bengtson

Delegate to the American Kennel Club ........ Mrs Philip S.P. Fell

Treasurer ............................................ Ms Carol Willumsen

Secretary ................................................ Mrs Phoebe Booth
2603 Bell Oak Rd., Box 324 Williamston, MI 48895

BOARD OF DIRECTORS

CLASS OF 1989
Mrs Phoebe Booth
Mrs Philip S.P. Fell
Dr Barbara Henderson

CLASS OF 1990
Mr Bo Bengtson
Mrs Pat Dresser
Miss Carol Willumsen

CLASS OF 1991
Mrs Douglas Arthur
Dr James Gray
Mrs Barbara Koch

THE AMERICAN WHIPPET CLUB, INC.
Founded January 11, 1930

Applications for membership in the American Whippet Club are available upon written request to the
AWC Secretary (see address above).

Subscription to the AWC Whippet News (including monthly newsletter and annual) - $20.00 per year

WHIPPET NEWS AND NEWSLETTER EDITOR
Pat Dresser, 1462 Granger Road, Medina, OH 44256 (216)239-1829

WHIPPET NEWS ANNUAL EDITOR
Wendy Clark, 110 Tibet Road, Columbus, OH 43202 (614)268-1848



FROM THE PRESIDENT

This has been another busy year for the American Whippet Club. In April we had a record breaking entry at our Second National Specialty, with a total of 421 entries in Breed and 15 in Obedience.

I would like to report that this past year we have had a good working Board of Directors and I feel we have achieved the Club's objectives. Because of time constraints and great distances, it has not always been easy, however this Board continues to keep the lines of communication open with the membership.

The major change in 1988 was the decision to hold the Futurity annually with the National Specialty. The rationale for this was the same as the decision to make our National "roving". By moving to different sections of the country each year, the expense and burden of travel does not always fall on the same folks. As you know, the 1989 festivities will be hosted by the Southwest in Dallas, Texas and 1990 will find us in the Far West California.

An exciting new front in the dog fancy seem a different challenge to our versatile breed and that is Agility Testing. Although a new facet of the sport, it is becoming very popular, particularly in the Southeast, and appears to be just the sort of new challenge for which whippets are keen! Check it out!

Your Board has been honored to serve this past year and we are looking forward to continued growth for the AWC.

Barbara Henderson, President


TAMI

Spats was shown very little in 1988 and has several wins, including a major.

Congratulations to his litter sister Terra Bella Bacheca, who finished this year.

Tami will be shown in 1989. She has a major reserve from her one weekend out in 1988.

Watch for our Ch. Chelsea Mesmorize x Ch. Whippoorwill Fanfare puppies whelped in the fall of 1988. Co-bred with Virginia Huffman, Autumn Whippets.

PETE AND JEANETTE POZZI
175 HILLVIEW DRIVE
FREMONT, CA 94536
(415) 745-0957


(Ch. OBailee's Brittania x Ch. Allerei's Portia)

The group winning son of Best in Show parents finally and sadly retired. Otherwise, 1988 was exciting for us. Showboat's litter by Ch. Cajen's Texas Bluebonnet lived up to expectations with three sons finishing. "JR" sired four champions for the year and has a total of five. All from his first two litters.

1988 also saw the arrival of Ch. Surrey Hill's Modern Times. She has taken up where "JR" dropped off.

BriarThorn
Russ & Vicky Thorn
Arlington, Texas
(817) 274-3998


(Ch. Lidemara's Moonshadow x Ch. Surrey Hill's Savannah)

Am.Can.Ch. Surrey Hill's Modern Times, known locally as "Da Mox", arrived here this summer from our friend Carolyn Bowers. What an absolute delight. Our only "talking" whippet. Striking as she is when stacked or relaxed, her grace in motion is her strong point.

She will be bred in the fall of '89 to "JR" (Ch. Allerei's Showboat OB). We anticipate this will be an exceptional breeding and suggest reservations well in advance.

BriarThorn
Russ & Vicky Thorn
Arlington, Texas
(817) 274-3998


Watch for our act in 1989.
Breeders: Erma & Ralph Kovach, MD and Wendy Clark
Owner:


Co-Bred with

LINDA LARSON, PLUMCREEK

Owner/Breeder:


We feel Arwen's champion get are worthy representatives of the Whippet breed:

(by Tripletime's Rumor Has It)

CH. ROYAL MARK'S RHAPSODY IN BLUE (by Ch. Plumcreek Walk On Water, ROMX)

CH. HIGH FLYER GLAMOROUS GLENN IS CH. HIGH FLYER MACH ONE

CH. HIGH FLYER TOP GUN

CH. HIGH FLYER PINCH HITTER

CH. HIGH FLYER PUDDLE JUMPER

There are several other outstanding individuals from this breeding well on their way to finishing.

Owners:
HIGH FLYER
Erma & Ralph Kovach, MD
6671 Gates Mills Blvd.
Gates Mills, OH 44040
(216)449-3318
Breeder:
DUNBERRY
Wendy Clark
110 Tibet Road
Columbus, OH 43202
(614)268-1848

We are looking forward to the debut of this fine litter at the AWC Futurity and National Specialty.
We feel they are a promising group.

BREEDERS:
Erma Kovach (High Flyer) - Lois Skolnick (Tim Tam) - Wendy Clark (Dunberry)


"Pinch" finished winning her fourth major
4 points and BOB under judge Marie O'Neill at Licking River KC.
In limited showing as a Special, she has a Group 2 under judge Ellen Fetter (pictured).

Breeder/Co-owner:
HIGH FLYER
Erma & Ralph Kovach, MD
6671 Gates Mills Blvd.
Gates Mills, OH 44040
(216)449-3318
Owner:
Shirley Hitter
New Waterford, Ohio
Co-breeder:
DUNBERRY
Wendy Clark
110 Tibet Road
Columbus, OH 43202
(614)268-1848

In limited showing, "Mark" has 13 points with both majors.

He is pictured going BOW at Dayton KC ( Columbus, Ohio)
under hound-specialist judge Lynne Schanzle, handled by co-breeder Wendy Clark.

Breeder/Co-owner:
HIGH FLYER
Erma & Ralph Kovach, MD
6671 Gates Mills Blvd.
Gates Mills, OH 44040
(216)449-3318
Owner:
Robin Shaw
Chesterland, Ohio
Co-breeder:
DUNBERRY
Wendy Clark
110 Tibet Road
Columbus, OH 43202
(614)268-1848

"Willie" breezed to his Canadian championship. He is now major-pointed in the U.S.
But what he really enjoys is Agility work, now becoming popular in the U.S.

Breeder/Co-owner:
HIGH FLYER
Erma & Ralph Kovach, MD
6671 Gates Mills Blvd.
Gates Mills, OH 44040
(216)449-3318
Owners:
Donald & Sandra Bingley
Niagara On The Lake
Ontario, Canada
Co-breeder:
DUNBERRY
Wendy Clark
110 Tibet Road
Columbus, OH 43202
(614)268-1848

KENNEL LISTINGS

AIKERSKAILL

Rob Lindey & Dave Markus, Box 631, Niverville, Manitoba, Canada ROA 1 E0.

 

(204)388-4076/669-2121

ALOUETTES

Ellen Adler (Mrs. S.), 422 Shady Brook, Richardson, TX 75080.

AMIR

Betsy & James Prior, P.O. Box 1607, Romoland, CA 92380. (714)943-1789

BO-BETT

Carol & Roger Parker, Rt. 1, Box 369, Reddick, FL 32686.

BRIARTHORN

Russ & Vicki Thorn, 2221 Shadydale Drive, Arlington, TX 76012. (817)274-3998

BUNCRANA

James & Pat McLaughlin, 7 Widgeon Lane, Little Compton, RI 02837.

DRESS CIRCLE

Pat Dresser, 1462 Granger Road, Medina, OH 44256. (216)239-1829

DUNBERRY

Wendy Clark, 110 Tibet Road, Columbus, OH 43202. (614)268-1848

ELAN

Elaine Diner, 3764 La Mesita Way, Boise, ID 83702. (208)343-4914

FOLQUIN

Elizabeth & Boris Wolkonsky, P.O. Box 253, Lakeside, CA 92040. (619)443-1655

GOLD-DUST

Joan & Bob Goldstein, 5 Klinger Lane, Warren, NJ 07060. (201)561-3833

GROVENOR

Sonja & Steven Klein, 8803 Ravenna Road, Twinsburg, OH 44087. (216)425-2300

HIGH FLYER

Erma & Ralph Kovach, MD, 6671 Gates Mills Blvd., Gates Mills, OH 44040.

 

(216)449-3318

LEGEND

Judy Banducci, 4674 N. Oxbow, Boise, ID 83704. (208)322-3990

LINDENHALL

Kate-Marie Barry, 1959 Zink Road, Fairborn, OH 45324. (513)429-9131 -

OAKCREST

Ruth Brown, 5068 E. Horseshoe Road, Paradise Valley, AZ 85253. (602)998-8324

PARIS FARM

Sharon Sakson, 222 Chilton Way, Fairless Hills, PA 19030. (215)943-7025

PAWS'N OAKS

James Burens, 127 Saddletrail, Thousand Oaks, CA 91361.

PENDEL

Del & Penny Yorton, P.O. Box 5747, Kingwood, TX 77339. (713)572-1012

RINGMASTER

Paul & Sue Abraham, 5615 North Poplar, Fresno, CA 93704. (209)431-3321

WHIPPOORWILL

Barbara Henderson, VMD, 16200 Burtons Lane, Laurel, MD 20707. (301)953-3386

WHIPTON

Don & Sue Gerber, 12975 W. Chenango Avenue, Morrison, CO 80465. (303)973-0768

WILDFIRE

Lori Nelson, 31838 N. 52nd Street, Cave Creek, AZ 85331. (602)488-3801

WOLFRAM

Carole L. Greene, 24731 Spargue Road, Columbia Station, OH 44028. (216)235-4776/ 734-1440

XENON

Carmen L. Streiff, P.O. Box 9037, Yakima, WA 98909. (509)572-1012


AGILITY TRAINING A WHIPPET - Super Dogs in Canada

Willie's Jumping Career

Willie first showed ability by jumping over the two foot barrier I had set up to keep him out of the bathroom (tissue raiding).

Next, my son and I worked with him in the basement, teaching him to jump the obedience jump for food.

In November, 1987, we were invited to participate in Super Dogs with our Corgi, Max, and we brought Willie along. We introduced him to the agility jumps which were arranged in a set course.

Willie learned to go through the Hole in the Wall and the 6' and 10' Tunnels for food rewards. He learned to do the 8' high Scaling Wall by watching Max the Corgi do it, then following him over the wall.

The next step was to get him to do it as a complete course. On leash, he does it perfectly. Off leash, he does about half of the course and then goes for a royal romp as though he was chasing a rabbit. This seems to be a common habit, as the three other Whippets I've seen all do the same thing when worked off leash.

In the summer of 1988, we started working Willie outside to teach him Puissance Jumping (high jumping). Three jumps are set up with 15 feet between. The first two are low and the third is raised after each round. The object is to keep jumping until the bar is knocked off. Willie was able to clear 48".

In August, 1988, we went to Vancouver B.C. with Super Dogs. We took our Shepherd, Yetta, and Willie Whippet.

Super Dogs and Top Dogs are sponsored by Lablaw Food Store Chain in Canada. They send the 7 Top Show Dogs (one from each group) to several cities across Canada to be on display for everyone to see. Along with these dogs, a team of working dogs is also sent (Super Dogs). These dogs are from all across Canada. They are trained to do Puissance (High) Jumping, Grand Prix (Agility Jumping) and Rocket Relay (Flyball). These shows are held in connection with County Fairs in the major Canadian cities (approximately 12). These performances are held daily for the length of the fair and show are every 90 minutes. The shows are free to the public. Needless to say, the response has been fantastic and the crowds keep coming back for more.

Some dogs seem more suited than others to these activities. The best high jumpers I've seen have been a Weimaraner (60"), Borzois (60"), Standard Poodle (60"), Irish Setter (56") and Doberman (56").

The best agility dogs are the breeds that pattern train easily - Border Collies and Belgian Sheepdogs excel at this with a variety of other breeds doing very nicely, too.

The Flyball stars are any dogs from any breed that love to play fetch and are not dog aggressive. Small dogs do as well as large at this game. I have seen an excellent Pomeranian, Corgi, Border Terrier and Daschund in competition.

With the Whippets, we just have to keep them under control and keep them thinking they are having a good time. So get some jumps set up and some treats and start training. You'll be surprised at how much fun it is!

Happy Training,

Sandra Bingley

Niagara On The Lake, Ontario, Canada


LIDEMARA PRESENTS OUTSTANDING LITTERMATES ‑

SIRE: CH. PLUMCREEK WALK ON WATER DAM: LIDEMARA'S PAPER MOON

"Scott" finished his championship 2 weeks after his first birthday with 3 majors.
We are so proud of this handsome, free-moving young dog.

"Rudy" is shown winning a 4 point major under respected breeder-judge Isabell Speight.
We are thrilled with the style and movement of this beautiful bitch.
Both youngsters are co-owned with Sarah Larson.

LIDEMARA WHIPPETS

JUDY AND BERNIE FILLER 863 MARSHALL COURT , PALATINE, IL 60074 (312)705-9296


-Rapid is a producer of merit. We are proud of his get. Plumcreek also salutes its other Register of Merit qualifiers, Ch. Plumcreek Chimney Swift, Ch. Plumcreek Chase Manhattan, and Plumcreek September Romance.

A special thank you to Judy Filler and Ch. Lidemara's Moonshadow for our lovely litter out of Ch. Plumcreek Like The Night. Now a year old, they excel in soundness, side movement, pigment, and a plus, all complete males.

PLUMCREEK WHIPPETS
Linda, Richard and Sarah Larson
55035 Karns Road, Naperville, IL 60540 (312)369-6118


KAREN WILSON 510 PRINCE COURT SUFFOLK, VIRGINIA 23434


WHEN YOU CONTEMPLATE YOUR
NEXT WHIPPET PURCHASE-

THINK OF BO-BETT

Sire: Ch. Bo-Bett's Wild Willie Dam: Ch. Nirvana's Solo of Bo-Bett

No. 1 Whippet 1987

Already a proven sire of Champions

Our sincere appreciation to all the fine judges and exhibitors
who have made 1988 such a memorable year for us.

We always have a few outstanding puppies and champion breeding stock for sale.

Carol & Roger Parker
Bo-Bett Farm
Rt. 1, Box 369
Reddick, FL 32686
(904) 591-1020

Dogs Handled by
Davin H. McAteer
(904) 591-3074

 



INFERTILITY IN THE BITCH

DONALD H. LEIN, DVM, PH.D.

CORNELL UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF VETERINARY MEDICINE

A proper history and schematic examination is primary to the diagnosis, treatment and management of infertility in the bitch. Knowledge of the normal reproductive cycle of the bitch, breeding practices, endocrine and physiologic states in the non­ pregnant and pregnant bitch are very important in differentiating the normal from the abnormal and defining the infertility problem as management, endocrine and physiologic problems, anatomical and genetic causes, infectious diseases and inflammatory conditions, degenerative or neoplastic condition or combinations of the above causes.

Puberty occurs at about 6 to 12 months of age with smaller breeds of dogs, earlier than larger breeds. Occasionally, large breeds will not show estrus until near 2 years of age. The first estrus can be irregular and appear weak. Reproductive efficiency will decrease with age, usually showing a decline from 4 to 6 years of age on.

The dog is seasonally monestrus and ovulates spontaneously within usually the first to fourth day after the onset of true estrus or acceptance of the stud dog. The gestation period varies from 57 to 72 days following the first mating, with pregnancy detected at 25-35 days by abdominal palpation, ultrasonic Doppler fetal heart beats are detected at about 30-32 days and feti from 40-45 days by radiographs. All dogs in the absence of pregnancy undergo a pseudopregnant state that may be "covert" or physiologic or "overt", being both physiologic and behavioral, resulting from active corpora lutea that persist usually as long or longer than pregnancy. This leads to uterine enlargement, endometrial hyperplasia and mammary gland hyperplasia possibly causing lactation.

If a bitch has a history of abnormal estrus and reproductive cycles, it is assumed that an endocrine dysfunction may be the underlying cause, but the infertile bitch may also have other disease conditions affecting the reproductive tract.

It is important to recognize that many infected animals appear normal, even though they may be bacteremic and shedders. All dogs prior to breeding or with histories of infertility should be tested for canine brucellosis.

Viral agents such as canine distemper, canine adenovirus (infectious hepatitis) and canine herpesvirus have been isolated from aborted fetuses, inutero infections and early neonatal death.

Canine distemper can cause acute endometritis and epididymitis as well as early neonatal death and intrauterine infection and fetal death. Vaccination prior to breeding should control this agent.

Canine adenovirus (infectious hepatitis) can cause inutero infection and fetal death and neonatal death. Control is by vaccination prior to breeding.

Canine herpesvirus has been associated with vesicular lesions on the genitalia of the bitch and stud. It can be spread by venereal contact and causes neonatal death, and has been reported in an outbreak of infertility, abortion and stillbirth in a kennel. There is no vaccine available, but prior exposure of adults protects the pups through maternal antibody.

Fetal resorption, mummification and abortion may be caused by infectious diseases (above) or genetic lethal factors, lack of uterine space, trauma, toxic agents, placental hemorrhage, hormone deficiency, exogenous estrogens, low grade cystic endometrial hyperplasia and endometritis. Many of these causes are difficult to diagnosis and evidence has been circumstantial. Aborted feti, placentas, endometrial cultures and maternal blood samples should be submitted to a laboratory for possible diagnosis of the above conditions and proper treatment and management should be initiated to preventfurther recurrence of these conditions in this bitch or other bitches in the kennel.

Bitches may have normal estrus intervals but abnormal estrus. Occasionally a bitch will have "split" heats, showing signs of proestrus, but then go out of heat and in a few weeks or a month come into true heat. This condition is seen in prepuberal bitches or bitches under stress during proestrus. Usually, this bitch will breed successfully when they come into full estrus.

A bitch may come into full estrus, but not stand for the stud. Vaginal and vestibular strictures or vaginal floor hyperplasia and estral eversion may be causing painful copulation. If these conditions are diagnosed, surgical correction or artificial insemination may be required. If the birth canal appears normal and vaginal cytology indicates full estrus, the bitch may have to be muzzled and restrained for natural breeding or artificial insemination. Some bitches will accept another stud of their liking. Sexual behavior problems may be inherited and consideration of culling this bitch if this behavior persists may be important to a breeding program. Progesterone and estrogen assays at this critical time may be beneficial since estrus is expressed when estrogen levels are falling and progesterone levels are beginning to rise.

Bitches with prolonged estrus may have associated ovulation failure, cystic follicular degeneration or, rarely, a granulosa cell tumor. Vaginal cytology, continuous receptivity to a male and sex steroid blood levels are important in the diagnosis of the above condition. A Luteinizing hormone should be given to the bitch to hopefully relieve prolonged estrus or used on the first day of accepting the stud if she has previous history of prolonged estrus, a;nd induce ovulation with breeding following 24 and 48 hours later. Bitches with active granulosa cell tumors will continue to show hyperestrogenism and must be treated by surgical removal of the ovary.

Bitches that show abnormal long intervals between estrus orfailure to cycle may have other endocrine abnormalities, such as hypothyroidism, Cushing's disease or Addison's disease and should be diagnosed by appropriate hormone assay. Replacement therapy for hypothyroidism may return the bitch to normal cycles and normal fertility.

Short intervals between estrus occurring every 2-4 months are quite annoying to the owner of the bitch. This bitch is frequently infertile. Suppression of these cycles with certain contraceptives are helpful until the desired time to breed.

Bitches that are anestrus should be checked carefully for endocrine problems, a silent estrus or non detected heat,
possible aplasia of gonads orthe major part of the reproductive tract, pseudohermaphroidism, orthe possibility of previous unknown panoophorohsterectomey. A proper physical examination of the urogenital tract and blood progesterone levels to indicate a missed estrus is needed to diagnose the cause. Induction of estrus with a successful pregnancy rate in the normal intact bitch is not a predictable as other species.

If a bitch is cycling normal, it assumed that endocrine organs are functioning normal and that otherfactors must be involved in her failure to conceive. It is important that the owners of these bitches are not victims of poor breeding practices or management, e.g., improper time for breeding (use receptivity and vaginal cytology), inexperienced stud, improper tie, or an infertile stud.

Bitches that have normal cycles and are bred with fertile studs may also be conceiving and undergo early embryonic loss for a variety of reasons to be discussed later. It is important that positive documentation of pregnancy is found before this diagnosis is made. Documented recurrent resorption or abortion at the same period of gestation in the absence of diagnosed infection, inflammation or degenerative uterine changes or a lethal gene problem have been considered to be a progesterone deficiency causing habitual abortion. Low serum progesterone levels prior to the suspected abortion, may be helpful in diagnosing this condition.

Bitches that appear to cycle normally, but do not conceive, should be checked for evidence ofovulation by submitting a blood serum approximately 10 to 25 days after estrus for progesterone levels. Low progesterone levels may indicate luteinized cystic follicles, whereas barely detectible levels would indicate failure to ovulate and atresia of the follicles. the higher the progesterone level, the more ovulations that have taken place. Supplemental L.H. therapy at the next estrus may be successful in these bitches.

It must be remembered that sex behavior and endocrine imbalances may be inherited. Histories and examination of littermates, offspring, parents and relatives may prove an inheritable disorder.

Examination of the urogenital tract of the bitch may reveal other causes of infertility. Positive cultures from the cranial vagina should be substantiated as being a cause of infertility by one or possibly more of the following: pure culture, moderate to high numbers of organisms isolated, evidence of inflammatory cells and/or bacteriaon cytologic exam and evidence of inflammation by vaginoscopic exam or vulvar discharge. Palpation of the uterus and vaginoscopic examination should be performed to diagnose pyometritis, endometritis, or a primary vaginitis. The more extensive the urogenital tract infection is, the older the bitch and the chronicity of the condition, all lead to a poor diagnosis for breeding. Several microorganisms have been associated with infertility. Other areas of infection, such as anal sacs, otitis, tonsillitis, stomatitis or gingivitis, and urinary tract infection, should also be considered as other sources of organisms that are affecting the general health and genital tract should be treated as well.

Treatment should consist of specific parental antibiotics against that organism for a 2 to 4 week period. Topical antibiotic antiseptics and chemotherapeutic douches may also be beneficial. Sexual rest until the animal is considered normal and negative after re-culturing should be stressed. Proper hygiene at breeding, negative vaginal cultures prior to breeding, semen and preputial cultures of the stud dog to lower the possible incidence of post mating infection, use of artificial insemination with an antibiotictreated semen extender, post breeding douches and parental antibiotic treatment at breeding may all be useful practices in the valuable breeding bitch with infertility caused by microorganisms.

It is important to remember that some bitches harbor bacteria in the vagina and may be reproductively sound. Juvenile or prepuberal vaginitis frequently subside following the first estrus and causes no problem.

Abdominal palpation, hysterosalpingography and laproscopic or laparotomy examination are used to diagnosis genital tract obstructions, cystic endometrial hyperplasia and degenerative uterine conditions, congenital deformation and dysplasia, ovarian and urogenital neoplasia. These specific causes of infertility are given a poor prognosis for breeding and little can be accomplished by treatment.

Pyometritis is usually seen following an estrus, and increases in dogs with age and several non-pregnant cycles. Endometrial degeneration caused by several non pregnant cycles will lead to pyometritis. diagnosis by clinical examination, blood hemogram, radiographs and deep vaginal culture are required. Treatment consisting of antibiotics and uterine evaluation with prostaglandin has been successful for breeding bitches. Bitches that are not going to be bred should be spayed since recurrence following treatment if not bred at the next estrus is high.

Brucella canis is wide spread and a very important cause of reproductive failure in dogs. The first recognition of this disease was in laboratory beagles, but since 1966 it has been found in other breeds and non laboratory dogs.

Clinical signs in the bitch are mainly abortion after the 30th day of gestation, most commonly occurring in the 45 to 55th day. Early embryonicdeath can occur, and generalized lymph node enlargement is common. Endometritis is present post abortion. In the male, epididymitis and orchitis, often followed by testicular atrophy and infertility are common. In the acute phase, scrotal dermatitis, lick granulomas and draining fistuli are formed. Lymphadenopathy is also present in the active stages.

  • Rosendal, S. 1982; Canine mycoplasmas: Their ecologic niche and role in disease. Journal American Veterinary Medical Association, 180: pp1212 1213.
  • Doig, P.A., H.L. Ruhunke and W.T.K. Bosu 1981: The genital mycoplasma and ureaplasma flora of healthy and diseased dogs. Canadian Journal of Comparative Medicine, 45: 223 238.

The Archives


Page 1

Page 2

Page 3

Page 4

Page 5

Page 6

Page 7

Page 8

Copyright 2005, American Whippet Club, All Rights Reserved.
Powered by WhippetView.com